Today, Bhutan is known to the world through the concept of ‘Gross National Happiness’. GNH is a development Philosophy and a benchmark for progress with the objective to achieve wellbeing of the population through a combination including psychological and spiritual wellbeing too. Bhutan has a democratic constitutional monarchy system of government. Environmental protection and cultural preservation is the foremost policy in the planning of development activities. Bhutan is also referred to as a ‘Carbon Negative’ country due to the absence of heavy carbon polluting industries and the density of cars on the road. Tourists entering Bhutan feels reinvigorated immediately by scenic mountains, fresh air, and peaceful natural surroundings. The population density in contrast to neighboring countries is small, the overall population of the country itself stands around seven hundred fifty thousand only.
About 70 percent of the kingdom is covered with forests. The country is divided into three distinct climatic zones: alpine, temperate and subtropical zone.
Temperatures vary according to elevation. Most of the central portion of the country experiences a cool, temperate climate year-round. In the south, a hot humid climate helps maintain a fairly even temperature, the four-season remains distinct for most of the country.
Glaciers in the north which cover about 10 percent of the total surface area, are an important renewable source of water for Bhutan’s rivers.
Quick Fact About Bhutan
|Total Population||792,374 (2017)|
|Density||21 per km2 (2017)|
|Independence Year||Bhutan was never colonized, (National day on 17 Dec)|
|Capital City||Thimphu (Thimphu)|
|GDP Groth||6.49% (2015)|
|GDP per Capita||$2,719.11 (2015)|
|Land Area||38,394 km2 (14,824 mi2)|
|Border Countries||India, China|
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