Bhutan is the last Himalayan Kingdom where Mahayana Buddhism is the official religion of the majority of people with a small percentage of Hinduism. Bhutan is a landlocked country with an area of 38,394 km2. It has east-west dimension stretching around 300 km and north-south dimension around 170 km maximum. Located in the eastern Himalayan range it is mostly mountainous. It shares 470 km long border with Tibet (China present) in the north and India to the rest. This small country is a journey in the mountains and valleys from an average altitude of 160 m above MSL in the south to snowcapped peaks above 7000m in the north.
Today, Bhutan is known to the world through the concept of ‘Gross National Happiness’. GNH is a development Philosophy and a benchmark for progress with the objective to achieve wellbeing of the population through a combination including psychological and spiritual wellbeing too. Bhutan has a democratic constitutional monarchy system of government. Environmental protection and cultural preservation is the foremost policy in the planning of development activities. Bhutan is also referred to as a ‘Carbon Negative’ country due to the absence of heavy carbon polluting industries and density of cars on the road. Tourists entering Bhutan feels reinvigorated immediately by scenic mountains, fresh air and peaceful natural surroundings. The population density in contrast to neighbouring countries is small, the overall population of the country itself stands around seven hundred fifty thousand only.
About 70 percentage of the kingdom is covered with forests. The country is divided into three distinct climatic zones: alpine, temperate and subtropical zone.
Temperatures vary according to elevation. Most of the central portion of the country experiences a cool, temperate climate year round. In the south, a hot humid climate helps maintain a fairly even temperature, the four season remains distinct for most of the country.
Glaciers in the north which cover about 10 percentage of the total surface area, are an important renewable source of water for Bhutan’s rivers.
Quick Fact About Bhutan
||21 per km2 (2017)
||Bhutan was never colonised, (National day on 17 dec)
|GDP per Capita
||38,394 km2 (14,824 mi2)